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International Comparisons
International Comparisons Rate As % of GB rate in 1998
Great Britain Frequency (1998) 403 100
Great Britain Frequency (1881) 261  
Great Britain Rate (1998) 11  
Great Britain Rate (1881) 10  
Northern Ireland 0.00 0.0
Republic of Ireland 0.00 0.0
Australia 0.00 0.0
New Zealand 0.00 0.0
United States 1.08 10.8
Canada 0.00 0.0

Geographical Spread
Geographical Spread Statistics
Great Britain top area (1881) Stoke-on-Trent
Great Britain top area (1998) Stoke-on-Trent
Great Britain top area index * 3535
Great Britain top postal town Newcastle
Number of UK gazetteer entries None
County of gazetteer entry Not applicable
Republic of Ireland top county  
Republic of Ireland top county index *  
Australia top state  
Australia top state index *  
Australia top standard statistical division  
New Zealand top province  
New Zealand top province index *  
United States top state New Jersey
United States top state index * 806
Number of gazetteer entires in Africa or Asian none
African or Asian country with most gazetteer entries  
Number of gazetteer entries in African or Asian country named above  

Social Demographics
Social Demographics Statistics
Category of surname English - Occupational Name; Ending in -Er; Other Occupation
Mosaic type with highest index # Global Connections
Index of top Mosaic type * 421
% of people with a more rural name 4
% of people with a more high-status name 94
Cultural, Ethnic, Linguistic categories of surname English

  # Mosaic is a social classification. More information is available here.

* Meaning of an 'index' : An 'index' shows whether the level of something is higher in one area than it is in another area. In this instance we are interested in whether the number of occurrences of a name per million population is higher in a particular area than it is elsewhere. Thus we compare the incidence of a name in the US state where it is most concentrated with the average level of concentration in the whole of the US; the incidence in Australia's top state with the Australian average; the incidence in New Zealand's top province with the New Zealand average; the incidence in GB's top postal area with the GB average.

* Calculation of an 'index' : If a name has a rate per million population in an area which is identical to its rate in a base comparison area then we say it has an index of '100'. An index of '200' for a the name Jenson in Ohio would mean that the name Jenson was twice as common, per million population, in Ohio as it was in the reference area, in this case the whole US. An index of '500' for Wong in Victoria would indicate that the name Wong was five times more common per 1,000,000 names in Victoria than in the whole of Australia. An index of '1000' for the name Penhaligon in New Zealand would mean it was ten times more common per 1,000.000 names in New Zealand than in Great Britain. By contrast an index of only '50' would indicate a name which was only half as common in a target area than in its reference area.